HIV and AIDS are not the same thing
The body has cells called CD4 and its job is to fight germs and bacteria that make us sick, when a person is infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) we say that a person is HIV positive.
HIV attacks CD4 lowering your defenses by making you more exposed to diseases to which we are normally protected.
When the number of CD4 is less than 200 cc then it can be said that a person has developed AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).
An HIV-positive person can live their life normally as long as they are on treatment and remain undetectable. That is, the number of copies in your body is kept below 200 copies per milliliter of blood.
The only way to know if you are carrying the virus is by getting tested, detecting the virus in time can be the difference between living and letting your immune system be destroyed.
Are we gay guys more likely to get HIV?
Unfortunately the answer is yes. We are more likely to get HIV through unprotected sex than heterosexual guys. It might not be fair, but it is a fact.
Having unprotected anal sex represents a higher risk than having vaginal unprotected sex, how many times? Around eighteen times riskier. It’s been proven scientifically that the cells inside your ass are much susceptible to HIV then the ones inside the vagina, on the other hand the is rectal fluid that might contain higher amounts of the virus.
Does the rectal fluid contain HIV?
The rectal fluid is the mucus that covers the rectum, and we all have it, in fact one of its functions is to protect the mucous membranes of germs, bacteria and viruses.
The mucous membranes of an HIV positive person not on antiretroviral treatment may contain a large amount of the virus. This is no accident, the HIV prefer to attack and infect are the immune cells, those that protect our body, and are the mucous membranes rich in this type of cells.
The mucus in the rectum can help reduce friction during anal sex, reduce, but does not eliminate risk of injury where the virus could enter easily and directly into the bloodstream.
It is a reality that the gay population is smaller than the heterosexual population, this means that when you decide to have casual sex or start a relationship the number of people to choose from is lower. This allows sexually transmitted infections and HIV to spread more easily.